Excessive Perspiration – Causes and Treatments

Why Is It That We Sweat?

Perspiration is a natural process that allows the body to cool down. We sweat to maintain our normal body temperature at 98.6° Fahrenheit (37° Celsius) in order to tolerate the heat our bodies generate. The sweat glands underneath our skin produce the sweat that is released through our skin pores.

What Is Excessive Sweating?

Excessive sweating is when one sweats in excess of that required for regulating body temperature. Medically referred to as hyperhidrosis, excessive sweating occurs when the nerves that function the sweat glands in certain parts of the body go into overdrive and produce extra sweat.

There are 2 main types of hyperhidrosis: primary and secondary hyperhidrosis. Secondary hyperhidrosis occurs when a medical problem or a prescription medication causes a person to sweat excessively. Individuals with primary hyperhidrosis sweat in specific focal areas, usually whenever they are awake.

These focal areas include:

- Underarms (axillary hyperhidrosis)
- Hands (palmar hyperhidrosis)
- Feet (plantar hyperhidrosis)
- Face and other parts of the head (facial hyperhidrosis)

What exactly Can cause Excessive Perspiration?

For certain persons, there may well be no detectable trigger with regard to their abnormal sweating, and they may be deemed to have a medical condition known as essential (idiopathic or primary) hyperhidrosis. This may possibly be attributed to over active nerves that send signals to the sebaceous glands in the skin to produce excessive fluids.

Primary hyperhidrosis can be genetically transmitted and more often than not runs in the family.

Other individuals may suffer from profuse sweating as a symptom of known medical conditions, such as:

- An over active thyroid gland (hyperthyroidism)
- Gout
- Rheumatoid joint disease
- Tuberculosis
- Lymphoma
- Hypoglycemia
- Parasites
- Metabolic condition
- Nerve damage due to diabetic issues (autonomic dysfunction) or possibly spinal cord injuries
- Liver condition
- Vitiligo
- Psychological problems such as stress, panic attacks or anxiety disorders
- Menopausal flashes associated with menopause

Fractions of individuals who are suffering from hyperhidrosis are generally under medication. A few drugs by themselves may well induce excessive sweating, for example, prescription drugs for prostate cancer, AIDS or pyridostigmine used for the condition myasthenia gravis.

Possible Treatments to Help Stop Excessive Sweating


Topical creams such as antiperspirants can work wonders for excessive underarm, hand as well as foot sweating. Aluminum based antiperspirant helps control the hyperactive sweat glands, preventing sweat from coming out.

Drink Green Tea or Sage Tea

As tea contains an astringent property, it will help to dry out oils and prevent excessive moisture from escaping the skin. It essentially dries you from the inside out. Along with improving your complexion, green tea will neutralize many of the toxins that create the smelly odor in sweat.

Avoid Spicy Foods, Alcohol and Caffeine

These foods generally cause the body temperature to rise which makes you begin perspiring.


Iontophoresis treatment is where you place both hands or feet into bowls or trays. The trays are filled with mineral water. Connected to the trays is an Iontophoresis electromagnetic device. Mild electric pulses are distributed through the water. The minerals bond and temporarily change the nature of your sweat pores to block the sweat.

Botox ® Treatment

Botox is another effective solution for reducing hyperhidrosis. This particular invasive procedure involves injecting neurotoxins around your underarms or hands which generally prevents the nerves from stimulating the sweat glands from functioning. Although effective, it’s just a short-term solution, as you have to have repetitive treatments every 6 to 7 months later to control the sweating.


The surgical removal of over active sweat glands can stop excessive sweating. For those who have a serious case of hyperhidrosis, you may choose to opt for ETS (Endoscopic Thorasic Surgery).

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